Peddle Propaganda for ‘One World’
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

New York, July 19—Rhodes scholars, returning from schooling and indoctrination at Oxford university, England, are the principal hawkers of globalist propaganda in the United States.

The American scholars obtain their education abroad thru terms of the will left by the late Cecil Rhodes, British empire builder and South African despot. Rhodes aimed at the return of the United States to the British empire and a world federation dominated by Anglo-Saxons. He hoped his scholars would be instilled with “political bias” toward these ends, according to his intimate friends.

Previous articles in this series have disclosed that many of the 1,185 living American Rhodes scholars have obtained key positions in the state department, the United Nations, the economic cooperation administration, the mutual defense assistance program, and other government agencies where they have worked toward fulfilment of the schemes of their imperial patron.

Active in Global Groups

Scholars outside the government are engaged assiduoualy in promoting public opinion and building up political pressure for modern day variations of the Rhodes grandiose scheme. A survey of 10 globalist groups reveals the activities of Rhodes’ posthumous proteges as follows:

1. Federal Union, Inc., Clarence Streit, former correspondent for the New York Times at the ill-fated league of nations and author of Union Now, is president of this outfit. Federal Union says it is purely an “educational and research” organization, thereby escaping taxes. The objective is a world government of “matured democracies” federated along the lines of the United States constitution.

2. Atlantic Union Committee, tax paying offshoot of the Federal Union. This is the “political action” group which sponsored the recent congressional resolution asking President Truman to invite the North Atlantic treaty countries to meet this year “with deligates of the United States in a federal convention to explore how far their peoples, and the peoples of such other democracies as the convention may invite to send delegates, can apply among them, within the framework of the U. N., the principles of free federal union.

Scholars on Council

Streit is a member of the A. U. C. board of governors. Other Rhodes scholars on the A. U. C. council include Frank Aydelotte, director of the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton and since 1918 American secretary to the Rhodes trustees: William Yandell Elliott, professor of government at Harvard, and John W. Nason, president of Swarthmore college.

3. Foundation for World Government. Rhodes Scholar Stringfellow Barr is the president and another Rhodes savant, Scott Buchanan, is the secretary. Barr is the author of Let’s Join the Human Race, described as a study of world peace, and The Pilgrimage of Western Man, which is subtitled His Search for One World from 1500 to Armistice II.

The financial angel for the foundation is Mrs. Anita McCormick Blaine of Chicago. She put up a millIon dollars in 1948, saying Henry Wallace, Progressive party candidate for president, was “deeply interested” in the foundation and “his philosofy and that of the foundation are similar.”

4. United World Federalists, Inc. Vernon Nash, a Rhodes scholar, is program vice president. Another scholar, G. C. Holt, editor of The Democrat, publication of the Democratic party of Connecticut, is a member of the national executive council of the U. W. F. Still another Rhodes education ward, Robert Lee Humber, is on the national advisory board.

Humber promoted the first action by a legislative body toward world government by pushing thru the North Carolina legislature in 1941 a resolution declaring “that all peoples of the earth should now be united in a commonwealth of nations.” The U. W. F. has succeeded in getting other legislatures to adopt the doctrine, but several have repented and repealed the action.

When the Maine senate voted to rescind its previous support of the world federalist movement, Cleveland Sleeper Jr., Republican state senator, said the U. W. F. has been found to be “Non-American, Communist in tone, and directly opposed to anything we call American.” The charge of a communist taint arose when the federalists refused to entertain a program of building an organization that could function without the soviet union.

Gets Ford Funds

5. Pubic Administration Clearing House, Don K. Price Jr., a Rhodes scholar, is listed in the official directory of the scholars as associate director of the P. A. C. H. at the transportation building, Washington, D. C., and 1313 E. 50th st., Chicago.

The P. A. C. H. is a privately endowed group organized to “untangle snarls in international relations.” Drawing a grant of $500,000 from the Ford Foundation, the clearing house recently established headquarters in New York because “this city has become the best spot in the world to operate in the realm of foreign affairs.” Quite appropriately, the new offices are on the second floor of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation.

6. Woodrow Wilson Foundation, New York City. The foundation, formed in 1922 “in recognition of the national international services of Woodrow Wilson and to promote valuable service to public welfare, liberal thought, and peace thru justice,” turned over its memorial library to the U. N.

Harvard Man Heads Study

Clyde Eagleton, a Rhodes scholar, professor of international law, director of program of graduate studies in U. N. and world affairs, New York university, is a director of the foundation and also a member of its literary committee. Another Rhodes scholar, Prof. Elliott of Harvard, was placed in charge of a new study for promoting global thinking recently. This research project searches into:

“The problem of how the structure and practices of our government might be improved to permit the full and effective discharge of American responsibilities and obligations in interrelated domestic and international affairs and the stimulation of popular thinking along these lines.”

7. Council on Foreign Relation. This is a highbrow group of globalists in New York. Whitney H. Shepardson, a Rhodes scholar, is a director.

Hiss on Roster

It might be pointed out the council’s membership roster includes: State Secretary Acheson, not a Rhodes scholar but a well known Anglophile; Prof. Owen Lattimore of Johns Hopkins, who was accused in the senate as one of the chief promulgators of the state department’s procommunist policy in China, and Alger Hiss. Hiss, adviser to the late President Roosevelt at the Yalta conference, is serving five years in a federal penitentiary for perjury in a case involving spying for the Russians.

By-laws for the council on foreign relations limit membership to 600 living within 50 miles of the New York city hall and 500 nonresident members outside this charmed area. The residents pay $125 a year. Nonresidents pay $30. There also are $25 memberships for professors, writers, and newspaper men.

British Provide Speakers

8. Foreign Poilcy association. The F. P. A. is one of the most powerful propaganda organizations in the country. Thru its interlocking groups, speakers are provided by the British information service and state department to disseminate the Roosevelt-Truman foreign policy in all parts of the United States. Prof. Eagleton is a director, and many of his scholar colleagues assist in the nation-wide network

9. United Nations association. According to Dr. Aydelotte, the Rhodes secretary in this country, the scholars have taken a “prominent part in the work” of this association.

10. Union for Democratic Action. This originally was a splinter group formed from the progressive citizens of America, the Henry Wallace organization, because the latter permitted Communists to remain within its ranks. The U. D. A. is a radical organization created with avowed purpose of carrying on the ideals of the late President Roosevelt. That the U. D. A. decided to go global is shown by the fact that it has a European director in the person of one David C. Williams, an American Rhodes scholar, according to the official register.

Tells How Schemes Advance

Dr. Aydelotte, in his book, the American Rhodes Scholarships—a Review of the First Forty Years, discussed the influence of Rhodes scholars and how the empire builder’s dreams were being carried out.

“Rhodes’ plan was as broad and as daring as the spirit of the university which he chose for its center,” wrote Dr. Aydelotte. “He founded his scholarships in the faith that if men of the type he wanted were brought together in such a place they would think about these problems of international government, and discuss them, and in their after careers be a force toward bringing about some better plan of peace and order in the relations between the nations, and that this plan would have as its basis the Anglo-Saxon conceptions of justice and liberty and peace.”

South Africans Suppressed

Dr. Aydelotta did not dwell on the point, but other historians have noted how Rhodes’ idea “justice and liberty and peace” was one of suppressing the various peoples of South Africa, where his diamond properties lay, and placing them under the British yoke.

There should not be any “organized political action” by Rhodes scholars, according to Dr. Aydelotte. He added, however, that altho there was no statistical account of their joint effort in fostering Rhodes’ ideas, the “sum total is important.”

Dole Out Cash for One Worlders
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

New York, July 20—American Rhodes scholars, who are spoon fed doses of internationalism a la mode British imperialism at Oxford university, England, are prominent back home in the affairs of the big foundations doling out funds toward globalist schemes and one world propaganda.

Higher echelon offices in Carnegie, Rockefeller and other privately-endowed foundations are held by Rhodes scholars. This is in keeping with the aims of the late Cecil Rhodes. British empire builder. He left his fortune for the conversion of scholars who would promote his dream of an Anglo-Saxon federation to dominate the world, in this way Rhodes hoped to return the United States to the empire.

So far the Rhodes will has underwritten the education and indoctrination of 1,400 Americans at the English university since 1904. The annual output is 32. They have fastened onto key positions in the state department and other governmental agencies, just as Rhodes hoped it would happen.

Funds Further U. N.

Both the Carnegie and Rockefeller institutions have contributed heavily toward “international” studies to further the United Nations and other supra-governmental plans designed at chipping away American sovereignty. They have also financed organizations and students which according to congressional sources, smack of communism, in itself a form of internationalism.

The foundations have been big moneybags for globalist propaganda thru the Woodrow Wilson Foundation, World Peace Foundation, Foreign Policy Association, Council on Foreign Relations, and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Former president for the last-named, it will be recalled, was Alger Hiss, the state department adviser for Roosevelt at the Yalta conference. Hiss is now serving sentence in a federal prison for perjury involving war time espionage for the Russians.

Two Carnegie top executives are Rhodes scholars. They are Whitney H. Shepardson, director of the Carnegie Corporation British and Colonies fund, and O. C. Carmichael, president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

Assistant to Col. House

Shepardson was secretary of the league of nations committee and assistant to Col. E. M. House at the 1918 peace conference. During the first World war Carmichael disclosed his anglophilic sympathies by serving with the British army in India and became an honorary captain in his Britannic majesty’s East African forces.

An example of how Rhodes men stick together was furnished recently by the $800,000 Carnegie corporation grant to Harvard university for the Russian research center. Largest and most extensive research setup of its kind in the western world, the center is directed by a Rhodes scholar, C. K. M. Kluckhohn.

Carnegie corporation also started the new department of Russian civilization at Darthmouth college this year with a $50,000 gift. The foundation contributes toward Russian study programs at Bryn Mawr, Haverford and Swarthmore colleges. Swarthmore’s president, John W. Nason, is a Rhodes scholar.

Carnegie-British Born

From the start the huge Carnegie corporation—with assets today valued at 173 million dollars—had a pro-British tinge. Andrew Carnegie, British-born steel magnate, left funds “for the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding among the people of the United States and of the British dominions and colonies.” His ideas paralleled those of Cecil Rhodes.

Rockefeller Foundation, with book assets of 153 million dollars, is studded with men who went to Oxford by courtesy of the diamond fortune left by the South African despot. Among the Rhodes scholars passing out Rockefeller money are the following:

A. W. Packard, executive assistant to John D. Rockefeller Jr., in matters of philanthropy, and director of Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Inc.
E. F. D’Arms, associate director for the humanities, Rockefeller Foundation.
Chadbourne Gilpatric, assistant director, the humanities, Rockefeller Foundation.
J. L. Hydrick, member of the staff of the international health division of the Rockefeller Foundation.

Rusk Member of Board

D. P. C. Lloyd, member Rockefeller Institute for medical research.
Assistant United States Secretary Dean Rusk, a member of the board of trustees.
Henry Allen Moe, a Rockefeller trustee and member of the executive Committee.
Dean A. Clark, M. D., member of the board of scientific consultants, international health division, Rockefeller Foundation.

Rockefeller Foundation achieved notoriety last year by giving grants of $60,000 and $50,000 respectively to the American Institute of Pacific Relations and the Pacific Council of the IPR. The outlay was made primarily for an international conference at Lucknow, India, in October of last year. The conclave turned into a sounding board for anti-Americanism.

The institute was formerly headed by Prof. Owen Lattimore, Johns Hopkins professor of international relations who was accused of being the “top soviet agent” in the country by Sen. Joseph P.. McCarthy [R., Wis.].

Study Files of IPR

Lattimore hotly denied the accusation. A senate judiciary sub-committee is studying files of the IPR taken during a raid on a barn near Lee, Mass. In addition to Rockefeller Foundation, one of the contributors to the IPR was Frederick Vanderbilt Field, millionaire agent for the Red Chinese in this country and bond fund raiser for indicted communist leaders.

On the IPR board of directors is a prominent Rhodes scholar, John K. Fairbank, professor of history at Harvard university. Fairbank has racked up a record as one of Lattiinore’s chief apologists.

According to the IPR’s own published figures, it received from 1925 thru 1950 a total net income of $2,536,000, of whIch 50 percent was furnished from foundations, chiefly Rockefeller, Carnegie and Carnegie Endowment.

Rhodes scholar Moe not only serves as trustee for the Rockefeller Foundation but also doubles in brass as secretary general of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.

Parsons a Kingpin

Another Rhodes scholar who figures as the kingpin of a foundation of a difierent sort is Critchell Parsons, wealthy oilman from Dallas, Tex. Parsons is vice president and a trustee of the China International Foundation. The foundation has an interesting history which government investigators are still trying to piece together.

China International Foundation holds the stock of the United Tanker corporation. Col. Arthur G. Syran, head of the economic cooperation administration’s transportation division, stated on April 2 of this year in Washington that two of the tankers owned by United had been involved in the profitable surplus ship deal engineered by former congressman Joseph E. Casey [a deal investigated by the Reconstruction Finance corporation] and that they had also carried oil to communist China and to Russia in 1949.

Morris Heads Foundation
Newbold Morris, New York lawyer and unsuccessful candidate for mayor in the last election, is president of the China International Foundation. He denied allegations of any illegality about the tankers and destiny of their cargoes. He claimed proceeds were aiding Chinese students stranded in this country, as well as Americans studying Chinese subjects.

China International Foundation, like Carnegie and Rockefeller, is allowed to carry on global operations and propaganda, in the furtherance of Cecil Rhodes’ aims, but without having to pay taxes. That means it is another “non-profit, charitable organization.”


Aid British, Global Propaganda
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

New York. July 21—The picture of the American Rhodes scholars network in the United States—a rabid movement toward internationalism—is completed and glued together by their numbers in the field of molding public opinion. They are highly influential in the eastern press, magazines and radio chains.

Rhodes scholars in this country represent 32 campus leaders carefully selected each year to go to Oxford university, England. for supplemental schooling. Their patron, the late Cecil Rhodes, British empire builder and diamond tycoon, aimed at instilling in his proteges “political bias” rather than education, according to his intimates.

This bias, as revealed by the Rhodes seven wills and writings, was to recover the United States for the British empire in the form of an Anglo-Saxon federation. The federation would be powerful enough to dominate the world and enforce the “peace.”

Time Follows Rhodes’ Line

Closely following the Rhodes’ line of propaganda is the Time, Inc., magazine group headed by Henry Luce. Luce was not a Rhodes scholar but he did spend a year at Oxford where he sponged up some of the imperialistic doctrines carried later in his rnagazines. Several of his top brass editors have been Rhodes scholars.

From the start Luce followed the Anglophile trail, whooping it up for American intervention in war when the British were in trouble and damning pro-Americans as “isolationists.” He is a charter member of the “Eisenhower-for-President” cult, favors entrapment of Republicans by Truman’s so-called bipartisan foreign policy, and the Marshall plan, which has paid off his magazines.

In addition to pushing the British concept of policing the world with American soldiers and economic aid, the Luce publications have been infiltrated by another form of globalism. Whittaker Chambers, devotee of world communism and confessed courier for a soviet spy ring, was a senior editor [$30,000 a year] for Time magazine. Chambers informed on Alger Hiss, Roosevelt adviser at Yalta. Hiss is now in a federal penitentiary for perjury in a case involving soviet espionage.

Rhodes Men on N. Y. Times

The New York Times, which has been pro-British since the First World war, also has its share of Rhodes scholars on the staff. An interesting footnote in journalistic history is that at the time Rhodes’ final will was published in 1902, the New York Times condemned the idea of American scholarship.

“Why should an American youth go to Oxford when he can get a better education at home in respect of those attainments which chiefly make for national greatness?” inquired the Times in 1902.

The New York paper also declared American newspapers were emancipated from the “sterile classicism” of Oxford and Cambridge in England. Times have changed editorially on the Times.

Rhodes scholars are also found on the New York Herald Tribune. This paper has been a fawning pro-British organ ever since its one-time publisher, Whitelaw Reid, became ambassador to the Court of St. James in London. The family later acquired in-laws in the British nobility.

Smear Artist on P-D

Altho the St. Louis Post-Dispatch is not geograflcally an eastern newspaper, it is following the eastern internationalist line without deviation. One of the Rhodes scholars on the Post-Dispatch is Robert Lasch, former smear artist for a Chicago paper.

In the radio medium one of the principal apologists for the New Deal and its blunders in foreign policy is Elmer Davis a Rhodes scholar and left wing commentator. In 1943 he was placed at the head of the office of war information. The OWl was constantly criticized in congress as a communist ridden agency which deliberately misinformed people for propaganda purposes. Most of the 125 millIon dollars of taxpayers’ money spent by Davis’ OWl on pamphlets, films and broadcasts went toward adnauseam glorification of Roosevelt. The agency also publicized Henry A. Wallace’s statement that “the People’s Revolution is on the March.”

The American Oxonian, publication of the Rhodes scholars in this country, lists 22 savants who went to Oxford with the bills paid by the British empire builder and who are now prominent in magazines, newspapers and radio.

Welles, Lindley on Roster

The roster Includes:

Luce Publications — Samuel G. Welles, associate editor, Time; C. T. Solberg, contributing editor, Time; H. B. Hering, on Time New York staff: and Hedley W. Donovan, associate director Fortune magazine.
Newsweek—Ernest K. Llndley, chief Washington bureau, also political commentator for Des Moines Register and Tribune syndicate via radio.
Saturday Evening Post—Beverly Smith, Washington editor.
Kiplinger magazine, Washington — H. L. Brown Jr., managing editor.
New York Times—Thomas J. Hamilton Jr., chief of United Nations bureau and successor to Clarence Streit, Rhodes scholar, president of Federal Union, Inc., a globalist outfit, who covered League of Nations for same paper; Robert Aura Smith, editorial staff; John B. Oaken, editorial board; W. F. Fowle, foreign correspondent.
New York Herald Tribune — William L Nichols, editor This Week Sunday supplement; J. M. Minifie, correspondent Washington bureau, and B. W. Dunlap, writer, New York.

List Monitor Editor

Christian Science Monitor — E. D. Canham, editor, and Donovan Richardson, chief editorial writer.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch—R. P. Brandt, head at Washington bureau, and Robert Lasch, editorial writer.
Baltimore Sun—F. W. Beirne, associate editor.
American Broadcasting company Elmer Davis, news ana]yst.
Columbia Broadcasting company Howard K. Smith Jr., European director, and Charles C. Collingwood, White House correspondent and news analyst.

Rhodes scholars in the public opinion field constitute a faithful claque for their colleagues in the government, primarily the state department which they dominate. With this tie-in, they are attempting to bring about the fulfilment of the lifelong ambitions held by their educational benefactor, Cecil John Rhodes.


Exert Influence on United States
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

OTTAWA, July 22 — scholars and other British educated Canadians are in a unique position to serve Britain thru Canada’s influence on Washington as a next door neighbor of the United States.

Canada acts as a connecting link between England and the United States, helping to hold the neighboring republic in line with the dominion’s mother country. The linch pin role has been easy for Canada with Dean Acheson, son of a Canadian mother and an English father, serving as American secretary of state.

When Gen. MacArthur displeased Britain and Canada by his efforts to win the Korean war, Canada’s Oxford educated minister for external affairs, Lester B. Pearson, complained that American-Canadian relations had become “difficult and delicate.” Mac Arthur was fired the next day.

Twenty-three on Pearson’s Staff

Pearson’s foreign office staff is packed with Rhodes scholars. There are 23 among 183 staff officers, or one out of every eight, who were educated at Oxford university, England, on scholarships created by Cecil Rhodes, empire builder and diamond mogul who wanted the United States taken back into Britain’s fold.

Other Canadian foreign office members also were educated in England, altho not as Rhodes scholars. Pearson went to Oxford [St. John’s, 1922] on a Massey scholarship, endowed by a Canadian millionaire.

Arnold D. P. Heeney [St. John’s, 1923], undersecretary of state, and Escott M. Reid [Christ Church, 1927], deputy undersecretary, who are Pearson’s principal advisers, are Rhodes scholars. The list of 23 Rhodes scholars in Pearson’s department includes only three French-Canadian names.

Hold Many High Offices

Canadians with an English education fill key positions in official contacts with the United States. They are at the top of the department of external affairs, sit on the department’s American desk in Ottawa, are in the Canadian embassy in Washington, in charge of Oxford educated Ambassador Hume Wrong, and are at the United Nations. Rhodes scholar Arnold C. Smith [Christ Church, 1935] is senior adviser to the Canadian delegation at the U. N.

John W. Pickersgill, leader of the Ottawa government’s palace guard, with the official title of special assistant to the prime minister, went to Oxford on a scholarship given by Canada’s Imperial Order of Daughters of the Empire. Pickersgill is a political handyman, speech writer, and contact man for the prime minister, and wields immeasurable influence on Canada’s American relations.

He has been on loan to the prime minister from the department of external affairs since 1937. The Montreal Gazette recently recalled that Pickersgill once was considered “a little left of middle.”

399 Canadian Rhodes Scholars

Norman A. Robertson, a Rhodes scholar (Balliol, 1923]. sometimes called the most brilliant member of the British trained inner circle in the government’s East Block, headquarters of the prime minister and the foreign office, is another important figure in Canada’s relations with Britain and the United States.

He is clerk of the privy council and secretary to the cabinet, and has been undersecretary of state and high commissioner [ambassador] to Britain. He was in the same class at Oxford as Heeney, one year after Pearson.

Many of the 399 Canadian Rhodes scholars have moved to the United States, where 30 are professors or otherwise connected with education. In Canada, 33 work for the dominion government, in addition to the 21 in Pearson’s department; 11 have jobs with provincial governments, including one provincial premier; 72 are in educational work, 65 are practicing law, 28 are in business, and 16 are practicing medicine. Clarence S. Campbell of Montreal, president of the National Hockey league, is a Rhodes scholar [Lincoln, 1926].

High Socalists Included

Edward B. Jolliffe [Christ Church, 1931], leader of the Cooperative Commonwealth federation [Socialist party] in Ontario, where he is a member of the provincial legislature, a n d David Lewis [Lincoln, 1932], former national secretary of the CCF, are Rhodes scholars. With the Socialist party losing strength in Canada, Lewis recently resigned his party job to join Jolliffe’s law firm in Toronto.

George V. Ferguson [Christ Church, 1920], editor of the Montreal Star. and James B. McGeachy, associate editor of the Toronto Globe and Mail, are the only Rhodes scholars in Canadian journalism. The Montreal paper was founded by a man who was made a baron for his services to the British empire. It is noted today for its stodginess.

James Minifie, a Rhodes scholar from Saskatchewan [Oriel, 1923], writes regularly in the Montreal Star, an associated week-end paper, the Standard, and broadcasts over the Canadian government’s radio network as the Washington correspondent of the New York Herald Tribune.

Pearson’s department of external affairs controls the type of news that is broadcast over the Canadian radio’s international service thru Arthur L Pidgeon, another Rhodes scholar [New college. 1938], who has the title of “coordinator of policy.”

Canada sends 11 Rhodes scholars to Oxford each year, chosen, as in the United States, by a committee. Each province may send one scholar, except Prince Edward Island, which has none, and Ontario and Quebec, which may send two scholars per year.

The first scholarships were allotted in 1904, and Quebec’s French Canadians were suspicious of this form of British gift. The Catholic university, Laval in Quebec, waited a year before sending a scholar to Oxford in 1905, sent none in 1906, and then the school’s officials quietly offered the scholarship to Louis S. St. Laurent, Laval’s brightest student, who turned down the Rhodes scholarship to continue his study of law in Quebec. He now in Canada’s prime minister.

Back Rhodes’ Dream

Rhodes wanted America brought back into Britain’s empire and Canada’s Rhodes scholars today are among the Atlantic federation dreamers who want the United States to lose its sovereignty in a union with Canada, Britain, and other countries.

The Canadian senate, whose members are appointed by the government and who could not pass the time of day without the government’s approval, last year passed a resolution calling for an international convention to discuss plans for creation of a “federal union” of the Atlantic pact countries.

Prime Minister St. Laurent whose advisers are Rhodes scholars, expressed a hope in a speech last fall that the federation of Canadian provinces might be followed some day by a world-wide federation. Pearson has said that the North Atlantic alliance should be developed into a federation going beyond mere defense.

It may one day become a political commonwealth,” he has stated. In parliament, however, he has cautioned “one world” enthusiasts that they must not get too far in front of American public opinion.


[Before getting into the articles from the Tribune, I think this explanation is warranted.  When I offed these article for publication on another’s website, he declined.  He was concerned about the number of spelling “errors” and didn’t think them authentic.  The explanation is simple.  At the time of publication, there was a movement in the printed media industry to “rationalize” spelling – to take out unnecessary letters.  This was important to that industry, especially daily newspapers with their deadlines, because of the high cost and time consumption of typesetting.  Thus “bureaucracy” became “burocracy.”  There are many other instances of such shortened words in the texts. They are not “errors.”   Today, computer word processing makes the extra letters less important.  We can use such “words” as phreedomphan.]


Reprinted from the Chicago Tribune July 15-31, 1951

Scholars Work to That End
[Chicago Tribune From Service]

New York, July 14—Cecil John Rhodes the empire builder, held a lifelong burning ambition to bring about “the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British empire.” Today many American Rhodes scholars are working assiduously to make the dream of their imperial patron come true.

These American Rhodes scholars have been going to Oxford university for education and indoctrination in the British way of thinking since 1904. The Rhodes diamond and mining fortune foots the bills. Each year 32 leaders are carefully se1ected for the schooling abroad. Only two world wars temporarily halted the annual crop.

Rhodes cherished schemes for a world power federation dominated by Anglo-Saxons. His American scholars returning from England are the leaders in the drive to sink Uncle Sam deeper in the morass of the affairs of other countries.

Fulbrlght Gets Oxford Itch

By way of example, it was Sen. J. William Fulbright [D., Ark.], who as a young congressman itching with newly acquired Oxford ideas,. introduced the resolution proposing the creation of “international machinery” and the participation of the United States. That was in 1943. The United Nations, the “police action” in Korea with 78,000 American casualties and other events have followed.

It was another Rhodes scholar Robert Lee Humber, who promoted the first action by any legislative body declaring “that all peoples of the earth should now be united in a commonwealth of nations.” This was a resolution adopted by the North Carolina legislature in 1941. Humber had just returned to this country after 16 years in the oil business in Europe.

U. S. Surrenders to U. N.

Rhodes told intimates it might take a century for his “great dream” to be fulfilled. Less than half a century has passed. To an extent the decision reached by the American revolution has been reversed already, in the opinion of historical observers.

Politically, It is pointed out, the United States has surrendered some sovereignty to a supra-body, the United Nations, in which the British foreign office wields tremendous influence. Militarily Americans are fighting for foreign interests as they did in the French and Indian wars. Economically the country is pouring out its wealth in the form of foreign “aid” just as it did before the Boston tea party.

How are Rhodes’ American proteges throwing their weight around? More than a third of the living American scholars are in the educational field, mostly at Harvard and other eastern institutions. In their teaching and writing they pass along the views they soaked up from the Oxford Dons.

But in recent years the scholars have infiltrated the government in increasing numbers. They hold key positions, particularly in the vital foreign policy-making state department.

Active In Opinion Molding

Rhodes scholars also command posts in the United Nations and economic cooperatlon administration. The returnlng savants are active in the field of opinion molding with a large sprinkling among the eastern internationalist press, magazines, and radio.

An analysis of the American scholars by various occupations follows:
Teachers, professors, college and
preparatory school presidents………………………………..424
Judges………………………………………………………………… 10
Federal government………………………………………….. 100
State and municipal posts………………………………….. 16
Armed forces…………………………………………………… 21
Private business. Industrialists, research, etc. ……… 104
Finance and banking………………………………………… 33
News, radio, magazines, writers……………………….. 60
Doctors…………………………………………………………. 32
Churchmen……………………………………………………. 20
Miscellaneous……………………………………………….. 15
Students still at Oxford or graduate schools………. 103
Unclassified or retired……………………………………. 76
Total………………………………………………………… 1,183 *
[Note: The total is off by one. This could be due to the difficulty in OCR and proofing the small numbers in a poor photocopy or it could have been an error in the original. — The Transcriber]

Rhodes, the man who set this vast propaganda project in motion, was born in an English par-
sonage in 1853. Delicate health as a youth led him to Africa and the diamond fields of Kimberley where the sparklers laid the basis of his fortune. He returned to Oxford to resume his schooling.

Rhodes’ Sense of Destiny

Even as a student, Rhodes had a sense of destiny, of shaping history to suit his own tastes, and he outlined his views in a document called “Confession of Faith” at about the time he prepared his first will in 1877. He wrote:

“I have felt that at the present day we are actually limiting children and perhaps bringing into the world half the human beings we might owing to the lack of country for them to inhabit, that if we had retained America there would at the present moment be many millions more of English living. “I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race.”

The sentence could have been written by a Hitler or a Mussolini This remarkable document then went on to spell out more specifically the Rhodes overweening aims for world domination as follows:

“The extension of British rule thruout the world, the perfecting of a system of emigration from the United Kingdom and of colonization by British subjects of all lands wherein the means of livelihood are attainable by energy, labor and enterprise, and especially the occupation by British settlers of the entire continent of Africa, the Holy land, the valley of Euphrates, the islands of Cyprus and Candia, the whole of South America, the Islands of the Pacific not heretofore possessed by Great Britain, the whole of the Malay archipelago, the seaboard of China and Japan, the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British empire. the consolidation of the whole empire, the inauguration of a system of colonial representation in the Imperial parliament which may tend to weld together the disjointed members of the empire, and finally the foundation of so great a power as to hereafter render wars impossible and promote the best interest of humanity.”

Planned Secret Society

Rhodes penned seven wills, the originals of which repose today in the Rhodes house at Oxford. The first five contemplated the creation of a world-wide secret society to promote the British empire.

“In considering question suggested take constitution Jesuits if obtainable and insert ‘English Empire’ for ‘Roman Catholic religion,’” said a letter accompanying the second will.

The sixth will, dated 1893, made the first provision for scholarships. They were to be for “young colonists” in the furtherance of empire unity. American scholarships appeared in the final will, prepared in 1899 and made public in 1902 following Rhodes’ death.

Rhodes earmarked two scholarships for each American state and territory. At the time there were 45 states and five territories which would have meant 100 American scholarships and only 60 for the whole of the British empire.

Scholars Call it Oversight

“When Rhodes assigned his scholarships,” wrote Mrs. Sarah Gertrude Millin, in her biografy, “Rhodes,” “he believed there were still only the original 13 states in the union of America.”

Rhodes’ scholars indignantly deny this and claim it was only an oversight on the part of their patron. They say it was an oversight also that Rhodes made scholarship allocations to Quebec and Ontario but left out the other provinces of Canada. Trustees of the estate have rectified matters by awarding 32 scholarships annually in the United States of 100 and bringing in other Canadian provinces.

The South African despot and empire builder, advised of American public opinion, moderated his language in the final will from the bold declarations of his early “Confession of Faith.”

Departing from the early violent racism, Rhodes Inserted a clause [No. 24] in the seventh will stating that “no student shall be qualified or disqualified for election to a scholarship on account of his race or religious opinions.”

Dr. Frank Aydelotte, director of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, N. J., and American secretary to the Rhodes trustees since 1918, was asked how this worked out in practice. He replied that out of the 1,400 Americans selected as Rhodes scholars since 1904, one has been a Negro. He is Alain Locke, who went to the University of Pennsylvania before going to Oxford. Locke is now a professor of philosofy at Howard university, Washington, D. C.

Hoped to Absorb U. S.

Rhodes did not mention his hopes for absorbing the United States back into the British empire in his final will but there is evidence that he hoped that dream would be fulfilled. The evidence comes from Rhodes’ intimates. Sir Francis Wylie, first of the Oxford trustees of the Rhodes estate, let the cat out of the bag on this point in an article published by the American Oxonian, official publication of Rhodes scholars in this country, in January 1945. The English knight, now living in retirement at the age of 85 near Oxford university, said views coincided with those of Bouchier Francis Hawksley, Rhodes’ solicitor or lawyer. Wylie stated: “In January, 1904 Mr. Hawksley, sending his co-trustee a copy of a document by Rhodes [no doubt the 1877 ‘Confession of Faith’] said in a covering 1etter:

“‘I know, perhaps no one better, how much store Rhodes put upon the long document and his wishes as therein indicated. I think when you read the paper you understand what I meant when I said I did not regard the will as an educational one in the same sense that you did.’”

Aims at Political Bias

The Hawksley letter is preserved in the archives at Rhodes house, Oxford. Wylie was moved to comment, “Hawskley was right,” he said. “This is not an educational endowment as ordinarily understood. Its purpose is not to give anybody an education he could not otherwise afford; nor to promote learning; but to encourage in the rising generation of English-speaking people a particular outlook on the problems of the world—to give them, in fact, a political bias.

“This idea of using scholarships as instruments of a ’political‘ purpose had come to Rhodes seven years earlier, and had taken shape in the will of 1893 [ the one establishing scholarships for ‘Young colonists‘ ].”

Thus, from the mouths of two of Rhodes’ closest associates, it is confirmed that the prime purpose of establishing the scholarships was to further the dream revealed in the “Confession of Faith.” that embraced the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British empire.”

The part played in this underground movement by individual American Rhodes scholars will be disclosed in subsequent articles.


Key Posts Held by Oxford Scholars
(Chicago Tribune. Press Service)

New York, July 15—Key positions in the United States department of state are held by a net work of American Rhodes scholars. Rhodes scholars are men who obtained supplemental education and indoctrination at Oxford university in England with the bills paid by the estate of Cecil John Rhodes, British empire builder. Rhodes wrote about his ambition to cause “the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British empire.” The late diamond and gold mining tycoon aimed at a world federation dominated by Anglo-Saxons. His intimates have admitted the scholarships were established for the primary purpose of instilling “political bias” rather than providing education.

32 Scholarship, a Year

Thirty-two scholarships have been awarded in this country every year, except in war times since 1904. The state department and its foreign service rolls are studded with a total of 34 Rhodes scholars, or two more than the annual production.

Rhodes’ proteges have exercised considerable influence in the foreign policies of this country within the last few years, particularly in the far east where diplomatic blunders led to the Korean debacle with its 78,000 American casualties—to date.

On the top echelon at the state department sit two savants who soaked up the British way of looking at the world at the foot of the Oxford dons. They are Assistant State Secretary Dean Rusk, in charge of far eastern affairs and Assistant State Secretary George C. McGhee, in charge of near eastern, south Asian, and African affairs.

Gets Too Hot

Rhodes scholars have had a throttlehold on the country’s policies toward the far east for two decades. Appointed in March of 1950, Rusk took the place of another Rhodes scholar, W. Walton Butterworth. Butterworth was an assistant state secretary until criticism got too hot and he was kicked upstairs to became ambassador to Sweden. It will be recalled the senate originally confirmed Butterworth’s appointment as assistant secretary for far eastern affairs only after four months of debate early in 1949. Sen. Styles Bridges [R., N. H.] told the senate approval of Butterworth would amount to an indorsement of “the complete failure of American diplomacy in China.”

Adviser to Marshall

Butterworth had been a principa1 assistant and adviser to Gen. George C. Marshall during his disastrous post-war mission to China which culminated in suggestions for including Communists in the national cabinet, and paved the way to complete Red conquest of the Chinese mainland.

Before the war and during the entire period of strained relations between Japan and the United States another Rhodes scholar had charted the state department’s meandering course in the far east. He was Stanley K. Hornbeck. Hornbeck was chief of the division of far eastern affairs during the thirties and then became political adviser on the far east. He retired in 1945 after a brief fling at the post of ambassador to the Netherlands.

Hornbeck arrogated to himself wide powers while at the state department. This was revealed in the testimony of Adm. .T. C. Richardson, who commanded the fleet in the Pacific for 13 months prior to February of 1941, before the congressional committee investigating the Pearl Harbor attack.

Admiral Meets Snub

Richardson told the committee during a hearing in 1945 that he found Hornbeck had more to say about the fleet than he did. The admiral had suggested the war vessels be returned from Hawaii to the west coast. President Roosevelt refused to follow this suggestion because he claimed their stay In Hawaii represented a “restraining influence” on Japanese aggression.

Alger Hiss, Roosevelt’s Yalta adviser who is now in federal prison serving out a sentence for perjury which involved his espionage activities, was assistant to Hornbeck from 1933 to 1944. Hornbeck testified as a character witness for Hiss during his trials. He admitted he heard Hiss described as a “fellow traveler” by William C. Bullitt, former ambassador to France, but upheld his integrity on the witness stand.

Assistant State Secretary McGhee is a sample of how chummy you can get in the rarified atmosphere of Oxford and topshell diplomacy. His dean and tutor at Oxford from 1934 on for three years was Sir Oliver Franks, now representing his Britannic majesty’s labor government as ambassador to the United States.

Appointed in 1943

McGhee was appointed to his post in the summer of 1949 after having served the state department as special representative to the near east on the Palestine refugee problem and as coördinator for the 400 million dollar aid to Greece and Turkey.

With the near east, south Asia and Africa falling within his sphere. McGhee has answerable to him 53 foreign service stations, of which 14 are embassies, and a vast territory embracing 700 million people. Britain has vital interests in the area.

McGhee, a millionaire oilman from Texas, recently journeyed to Iran to confer on the proposed nationalization of the Anglo-Iranian oil company.

List Other Rhodes Thinkers

Other important positions held by Rhodes scholars in the state department are as follows:

Robert W. Barnett, officer in charge, economic affairs, bureau of far eastern affairs.
Bryton Barron, assistant for treaty affairs, office of legal advisor
Louis E. Frechtllng, acting chief, division of research for near and Africa.
B. M. Hulley, officer in charge of northern European affairs.
S. Shepard Jones, officer in charge of public affairs, bureau of near east, south Asia and African affairs.
G. B. Noble, chief, division of historical policy research.
Archibald B. Roosevelt Jr., chief, near east section, voice of America.
H. H. Sargeant, deputy assistant secretary of state for public affairs.
Schmitt in Research
Bernadotte E. Schmitt. chief, German war documents project, division of historical policy research.
Conrad E. Snow, assistant legal adviser.
Five other Rhodes scholars hold down jobs in the state department in Washington and 16 are scattered around the globe in American embassies and consulates.


‘Scholars’ Advance British Schemes
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

New York, July 16—American Rhodes scholars, men who have received education and indoc- trination at Oxford university, England, are prominent in the affairs of the United Nations. The U. N. is an outgrowth of the schemes developed by the scho1ars patron, Cecil Rhodes, the British empire builder.

Rhodes dreamed of an Anglo-Saxon federation, with the British dominating, an organization powerful enough to police the world and preserve the peace. In his writings the diamond despot of South Africa showed he hoped the scholarships would promote his grandiose idea. Thirty-two American collegians go to Oxford each year under terms of Rhodes’ will.

Gross Oxford-Educated

Dean Rusk, assistant secretary of state, a Rhodes scholar and an obsequious Anglophile, headed the U. N. office in the department before he was placed in charge of far eastern affairs. Rusk, it will be recalled, went along with the British on their ill-fated Palestine trusteeship plan which would have nailed down bases and other military advantages for his Britannic majesty’s forces.

Ernest A. Gross, Oxford-educated and a former assistant secretary of state, is the deputy delegate from the United States to the U. N. He has been acting delegate an many occasions and is the real top man on the American mission as a result of Chief Delegate Warren Austin’s increasing inactivity due to advancing years.

Upon graduation from Harvard, Gross attended Oxford in 1927 and 1928. While he is not listed as a Rhodes scholar, he did absorb the teachings of the Oxford dons on foreign policy—as the British see it—and on other matters. Gross rowed on one of the college crews at Oxford.

Founder of A. V. C.

Another Oxford savant who is a big shot in the U. N. setup is Charles G. Bolte, special adviser to the American representative on the security council. Bolte holds the distinction of having been an Anglophile long before he became a Rhodes scholar. After his graduation from Dartmouth in 1941, he joined the British Royal Rifles and served under Field Marshal Montgomery in Africa.

Bolte lost a leg at Alamein in 1943. He then joined the United States office of war information as a writer. Altho he had not served with the American forces, he founded the so-called American veterans committee, a radical, pro-New Deal group. Then he obtained a post-war appointment to Oxford. Returning to this country in 1949, he got the U. N. job.

Other Rhodes scholars active in the U. N. include the following:

C. B. Wicart, chief of the tax section of the bureau of finance. It was Wicart who obtained exemption for the U. N. from retail sales taxes, hotel occupancy taxes, and other levies in New York City.
S. M. Keeney, far eastern director of the U. N. international children’s emergency fund. He formerly was director of the Italian program for the United Nations relief and rehabilitation administration.
Marshall J. Wolfe, department of social affairs of the U. N.
Walter A. Chudson, department of economic affairs of the U. N.
James R. Fowler, bureau for United Nations affairs, office of dependent area affairs, state department.
D. M. French, bureau of United Nations affairs, state department.

Others Prominent in U. N.

Rhodes scholars from British dominions also are prominent in the U.N. J. King Gordon, a Canadian, is with the U. N. division of human rights here in New York, I. E. Berendsen, a New Zealander, is political affairs officer for the U. N.. trusteeship division. A. M. Acock, a South African, is with the U. N. food and agricultural organization.

In his 1893 will Rhodes established scholarships for “young colonials“ with the expressed wish they would serve to knit the empire more closely together. Not until his last will in 1899 did he make provision for Americans and Germans. The German scholarships have not been resumed since the war.

According to intimates, Rhodes aimed at instilling “political bias” into the students who came to Oxford thru the courtesy of his fortune. His friends said his life long dream was set forth in his “Confession of Faith.” Drawn up in 1877, this curious document carried the seeds of the U. N. and other globalist schemes.

Seeks to “Recover” U. S.

Rhodes outlined his plan as follows:

“The ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British empire, the consolidation of the whole empire, the inauguration of a system of colonial representation in the imperial parliament which may tend to weld together the disjointed members of the empire, and finally the foundation of so great a power as to hereafter render wars impossible and promote the best interests of humanity.”

Dr. Frank Aydelotte, director of the institute for advanced study at Princeton and since 1918 American secretary to the Rhodes trustees, discussed this point in his book, “The American Rhodes Scholarships, a Review of the First Forty Years.”

“Important in his plan is recovery of the United States, not as a subject people but as a free member of a federated empire.” Dr. Aydelotte wrote. “His views look beyond the expansion of the British empire and the recovery of America to the government of the whole world and the establishment of enduring peace.”

Ready to Shed Blood

Rhodes, a tyrant and dictator in the Cape colony as well as other parts of South Africa, showed by his acts that his definition of establishing “peace” was the enforcement of British rule over other peoples. He was not averse to shedding blood in order to get his kind of “peace.”

In 1895 Rhodes gave men, money, and influence toward the abortive Jameson raid.This was a raid led by his associate, Leander Starr Jameson, into the Transvaal in support of a projected rising at Johannesburg. The rising failed to materialize. James and his 500 men had to surrender to the Boer commanders.

For his part in the conspiracy, Rhodes was condemned by both the Cape and imperial parliaments.

Besides fathering the world federation or U. N. idea, Rhodes also was a champion of “human rights” for political reasons. His final will declared that no prospective scholar be qualified or disqualified for racial reasons.

At the same time while he reigned supreme in the Cape colony, however, Rhodes imposed property qualifications and other restrictive devices to prevent the predominantly black population from voting.


Rhodes Men Hold Key Dole Jobs
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

New York, July 17—.”Diamonds are a girl’s best friend,” the popular song goes, and diamonds also are a Rhodes scholar’s best friend. Approximately 1,.400 Americans have gone to Oxford university, England, since 1904 with the way paid from the estate of Cecil Rhodes, diamond magnate and British empire builder.

Today numerous Rhodes scholars are in a position to repay their educational benefactor in dollars for the sparklers dug up on their behalf from the diamond lands seized by the British in South Africa during the last century.

Rhodes scholars dominate the United States department of state, which directs the doling out of billions in foreign aid, with the United Kingdom getting the major share. The savants also hold down important positions in the economic cooperation administration, mutual defense assistance program, and other foreign handout setups.

Parallels Rhodes Ambitions

This is all in keeping with Rhodes’ overweening ambitions for a world federation dominated by Anglo-Saxons for the purpose of enforcing peace and the status quo. He also aimed at “the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British empire.”

With the Oxford-indoctrinated Rhodes scholars holding key positions in the Washington administration, Britain obtained 31 billion dollars from Uncle Sam in the form of ‘lend-lease” outlays during the war. ‘That was followed by the 3-3/4 billion dollar “gift loan” to Britain in 1946.

During the first three years of the Marshall plan ECA largesse the United Kingdom received 2 billion 706 million dollars, by far the largest allotment. A bill providing 8? billion dollars far the military and economic aid program abroad is pending before congress.

Rhodes Scholar In Charge

Currently the mutual defense assistance program is being carried out with an appropriation of a billion dollars. It is not surprising to observers to find a Rhodes scholar in charge of divvying up the billion dollars’ worth of military aid to western Europe. He is Lt. Col. Charles H. Bonesteel III.

Bonesteel is executive director of the European coordinating committee for the mutual defense assistance program, the MDAP in alphabetical nomenclature. The colonel makes his office in London, not far from his old Oxford haunts.

He was graduated from the United States military academy at West Point in 1931 and from Oxford in 1934. He then was in the regular army as an engineer and went to England in 1941 as an observer for the engineering board. Bonesteel was an operations officer in the Normandy invasion, later serving on the staffs of Gen. Bradley and Marshal Montgomery.

After the war, Bonesteel representcd the war department at several international conferences and was lent for a time to the state department planning staff.

On Col. Bonesteel’s staff in London is another Rhodes scholar, H. L. Merillat. Another American Rhodes scholar who has settled down In England for a stretch is H. S. Arms, assistant director at the division of atomic energy.

The ECA, principal doler-outer of funds after the British gift loan was dissipated ahead of schedule and the forerunner of the MDAP, has several Rhodes scholars holding key posts.

ECA Deputy on List

They Include the following:

Harlan Cleveland, deputy assistant program administrator for the ECA, with offices in Washington. He formerly was director of the ECA’s China program and chief at the United Nations relief and rehabilitation administration mission to China. Before that he was deputy director of the UNRRA mission to Italy.

John M. Cassels, director of research for the ECA mission with offices at the American embassy in London. A former professor of the graduate school of public administration at Harvard, Cassels was vice chairman of the combined working party on European food supplies during the war. Afterward he became an economist for the United States department of commerce.

Lincoln Gordon, professor of governmnent and administration, Harvard Business school, and director of the program, review, and recovery division, office of special representative of the ECA in Paris. During the war he was vice chairman of the war production board. Later he joined the staff at the United States atomic energy delegation at the U. N.

Wilfred Martin Kluss, overseas development office at the ECA in Paris and special adviser to W. Averell Harriman, in turn is special adviser to President Truman Kluss is associated with Morgan Stanley & Co., investment bankers in New York.

B. E. L. Timmons, deputy director of the ECA mission to France. Last year he was acting head.
A. B. Daspit, office of ECA representative in Europe, located in Paris.

Felix I. Shafner, chief economist for the ECA in Washington and chief of the liaison branch of the national advisory council on international monetary and financial problems.

S. J. Hyning Jr., ECA offices in Washington.

Rhodes’ proteges also are spotted, in the occupation setups Germany. R. L. Guthrie, a Rhodes scholar, is presiding judge of the United States courts for the allied high commission of Germany. The chief of the legislation division, office of general counsel for the high commissioner, is N. H. Mitchell, also a scholar.

Another, John F. Golay, is deputy United States secretary to the allied high commission at Bonn-Petersberg.


Work to Advance Patron’s Schemes
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]

New York, July 18—Rhodes scholars returning to this country are following the cherished plans of their imperial patron, Cecil Rhodes, and are flocking into positions of influence in the United States government. There are 100 in the government today as contrasted with 74 in 1946, a canvass shows.

Rhodes, empire builder and South African despot, left provision for American scholarships at Oxford university, England, in his seventh and final will in 1899. Fourteen hundred American campus “leaders” have been educated and indoctrinated at the jolly old English Institution since 1904 and are currently being turned out at the rate of 32 annually.

World Domination Sought

Thruout his life, Rhodes had a burning desire to restore the United States to the British empire in the form of an Anglo-Saxon federation that would dominate the world.

He wanted his annual crop of posthumous proteges all to be leaders who would come back and preach the gospel as they learned it at his old alma mater, Oxford.

Today the scholars are sprinkled around in virtually every branch of the government. On the legislative side, Sen. Fulbright [D., Ark.] is a prime plugger for involvement of the United States in “international machinery.” Rhodes savants dominate the state department, the economic cooperation administration, the mutual defense assistance program, the United Nations, and other foreign handout agencies.

Publication Lists “Scholars”

The names of Rhodes scholars who have nailed down jobs in the state department and the handout agencies already have been revealed in this series of articles. A listing of the most prominent 20 scholars in other branches, as compiled from the October, 1950, American Oxonian, the official publlcation of the group in this country, follows:

Samuel Adams, director of personnel, bureau of the budget, executive office of the President.
Carl B. Albert, Democratic member congress from Oklahoma.
Dana K. Bailey, physicist, central radio propagations laboratory, national bureau of standards.
J. D. Burrus Jr., executive office of the President, bureau of budget.
C. L. Burwell, special assistant to assistant secretary of navy for air.
Albert G. Cornsweet, chief clinical psychologist, mental hygiene clinic, veterans administration.
B. M. Davis, senior surgeon, United States public health service.
C. D. Edward, director, bureau of industrial economics.
Grady C. Frank, office, chief of staff, department of the army.
E. S. Griffith, director of the legislative reference service, library of congress.
Robert Hale, Republican member of congress from Maine.
G. K. Hartmann, chief, explosives research department, naval ordnance laboratory.
Philip M. Kaiser, assistant secretary of labor.
J. Burke Knapp Jr., assistant director, economic department, International Bank of Reconstruction and Development.
J. H. Macomber Jr., associate general counsel, general services administration.
C. D. Mahaffie, member interstate commerce commission.
E. K. McClaskey, principal field examiner, national labor relations board
James McCormack Jr., brigadier general, United States army, director of military application, United States atomic energy commission
Karl B. Price, assistant general counsel, treasury department
Eugene Sunderlin, scientific director, office of naval research, London.

“Leadership” Is Stressed

While Rhodes directed his scholars should be selected with an eye to a nice balance of scholastic ability, character, and aptitude for athletic sports, he stressed above all the “leadership” requirement.

During the preparation of his last will, Rhodes wrote a letter to his solicitor or lawyer, Bouchier Francis Hawksley of Madeira. in which he discussed this qualification as follows:

“In awarding the scholarships, great consideration shall be given to those who have shown during school days that they have instincts to lead and take an interest in their schoolmates, which attributes will be likely in after life to guide them to esteem the performance of public duties as their highest aim.”

“Manners” Also Considered

Of his designs on the indoctrination of the scholars to be chosen from the colonies [now dominions], Rhodes said in his final will:

“I consider that the education of young colonists at one of the universities in Great Britain is a great advantage to them for giving breadth to their views, for their instruction in life and manners, and for instilling into their minds the advantages to the colonies as well as to England of the retention of the unity of the empire.”

Rhodes started in 1877 with the idea of leaving his wealth, obtained in the exploitation of South African diamond lands and from other sources, for the creation of a secret society. This society would extend British rule thruout the world. The idea persisted thru the first five wills, and the American scholarships did not materialize until the last one.

Log-Rolling Employed

In this country Rhodes’ men banded together in a tight organization called the Association of American Rhodes Scholars. It is not a secret society, but many of the scholars are working so fervidly to carry out the dreams of their educational benefactor that the ultimate goal is the same.

From 1904 to 1917, when World War I halted the migration across the seas to Oxford, scholars were selected by college and university presidents in the various states. The result was a lot of log-rolling, with one school getting a scholar one year and throwing the plum to another school the next.

Therefore, in 1919 committees of selection composed of .American Rhodes scholars were formed. These committees have picked the scholars ever since, making the association a closed, self-perpetuating fraternity.

Dr. Frank Aydelotte, director of the institute for advanced study at Princeton, N. J., and since 1918 American secretary to the Rhodes trustees, attaches “great importance” to this system.

“The result has been to unify the whole body of Rhodes scholars in a natural way, without recourse to the artificial get – together schemes commonly used by alumni secretaries of American universities, which rarely appeal to the ablest or busiest men,” Dr .Aydelotte wrote somewhat snobbishly in his book. “The American Rhodes Scholarships.”

“It meant, furthermore, that older men were often able to assist their young proteges, just back from Oxford, in finding suitable posts in the United States.”

Up-to the end of World War II, the trend of the scholars was to go into education. More than a third of the total output became teachers, professors, educational administrators, and college presidents. Now the trend is toward government jobs, or public life, as Rhodes willed it.